KC Cabinetry Kitchen Renovation Blog

Kitchen Cabinet Glossary

Cabinet Glossary
 
For those planning a kitchen remodeling project these definitions should give you a better understanding of items and processes used in the cabinet / remodeling industry. To learn more about cabinetry and remodeling visit a local kitchen remodeling showroom.
 
Adhesive - A substance that is capable of bonding material together by surface attachment.

Air Dried - Lumber stacked and stored so that it is dried naturally by the exposure to air.

Antiquing - is the process of applying an aging effect to a wood surface to produce a time-worn appearance. We use a factory applied effect to simulate the natural aging process by using corner over sanding rub through techniques to express a softly aged furniture appearance.

Bead Board – Paneling or molding with rounded (beaded) routed detail.

Concealed Hinges – Cabinet door Hinge that is completely hidden when door is closed.

Corbel - A decorative (and sometimes structural) piece of wood, metal or stone jutting from a wall to carry a superincumbent weight,  a type of bracket.

Crown Molding - Decorative molding applied to the top of cabinet tops to provide a finished or decorative look.

Distressing - An applied effect to simulate or accelerated natural aging process by replicating such things as weathering, fly specks, wormholes, compression marks, to express an abundantly matured furniture style and appearance.

Dovetail Joint – An interlocking woodworking joint where the fingers are shaped like a doves tail, used to join pieces at 90 degrees.

Face frame -  the front structure of a cabinet carcass which obscures the edges of the carcass and provides the fixing point for doors and other external hardware. A face frame provides strength to a  cabinet and is also a visual design feature of popular cabinetry.

Finish - The overall surface color, sealing, and added accents of a cabinet. This would typically include any combination of the following: stain/paint, glaze, distressing or seal/topcoat.
 
Flat Panel - Recessed un-shaped center panel to a door or drawer.
 
Full Overlay - Cabinet door that covers all or most of the face frame.
  
Glaze - a layer of paint, or other material, thinned with a medium, used to change the color, value, hue and/or texture of a surface. A distressing or antiquing process.
 
Grain - alternating pattern relatively darker and lighter wood resulting from the differing growth parameters of a tree.
 
Hardwood - Lumber from the group of trees with broad leaves, without reference to the actual hardness of the wood.

Heartwood - The non-active or dormant center of a tree generally distinguishable from the outer portion (sapwood) by its darker color. Heartwood is more decay-resistant than sapwood.

Kiln Dried - Wood that has been artificially dried, moisture removed, by forcing dry heated air to circulate around the lumber.
 
Knot - A portion of branch or limb that is naturally embedded in the wood.
 
Laminate - The product of bonding layers together as in beams or plywood.
 
Medium Density Fiberboard - (MDF) - A panel material manufactured from wood fibers combined with a synthetic resin or other bonding system. 

Miter Joint -Pieces are cut on an angle to make a joint.

Molding - A strip of material with a profile cut on the facing edges, used for trimming.
 
Mortise - A cavity or hole cut to allow a Tenon to pass through to make a joint.
 
Ogee- An S shape that is made by making one cut to produce two identical pieces.
 
Plywood - A glued wood panel usually 4' X 8' made up of thin layers of wood laid at right angles to each other.
 
Quarter Sawn - Boards which have been cut so that the wide surfaces are approximately 90 degrees to the annual growth rings, this type of cut reduces cupping of the boards.

Raised Panel -  A center panel to a door or drawer with a profile cut into its edge so that the panel surface is flush with or proud of the frame.

Rail(s) - the horizontal parts of a door frame that connect two stiles. Each door frame will have a Top Rail and Bottom Rail that can be of different Designs. Multi-panel doors, could also have one or more Center Rails. Slab doors can be made will one or two End Rails.

Rough Lumber - Boards which are sawn, edged and trimmed but not run through a planer.
 
Sapwood - The lighter colored wood growing between the heartwood and bark.
 
Soffit - or bulkhead is the area between the top of the wall cabinets and the ceiling that typically houses mechanical systems for the kitchen. It usually is one foot high and extends over the wall cabinets.
 
Stain - Coloring applied to wood surfaces as part of the finishing process.

Stiles - The outside vertical pieces of a door frame, with stile sticking machined on the inside edge. Each door frame will have a one left stile and one right stile.

 
Thermofoil - created in a process that uses heat and pressure to bond a thin vinyl material to a substrate, usually Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF). Since the film is so thin, it can bond to very intricate shapes.
 
Toe Kick - Molding used to cover the open space under the cabinet for a finished look.
 
Veneer - Thin sheets of superior wood attached with glue to an inferior substrate. A thin sheet of wood, rotary cut, sliced, or sawn from a log or flitch from a thickness of 1/100" up to 1/4".

Warp - A generic term that includes all variations from a true plane surface ... bow, sidebend, cup, or twist.

Kitchen Remodeling List – 10 things you need to check at counter top template

Well, your cabinets are in and your kitchen is starting to look like a kitchen again, and now they are coming to template for countertops. Well you have already selected the material maybe even selected the specific slabs, so the template is no big deal correct …think again Kemo Sabe.

Apron Front Sink/ Counter Top Detail

The following is a list of 10 things you need to check for during the template (10 important things), so yes, you should be there. Numerous decisions that will affect your kitchen remodel will need to be reviewed.

  1. All fixtures and appliances should be on site. - Actual dimensions and positioning should be checked.
  2. Edge profiles and thickness. - Double check all specifications for edges and desired thicknesses. In many kitchen remodels different edges and thicknesses are used on island counter tops.
  3. Sink cutouts - Under- mount and apron front sinks have numerous options. The counter top overhang or reveal can be specified differently for different looks, discuss these options with your designer or contractor.
  4. Faucet and other small cutouts – Check requirements for additional holes for: switches, dispensers, or sprayers, select final locations.
  5. Backsplash – Review backsplash design and its integration with the counter top.
  6. Window sills – If window sills are being replaced with counter top material check dimensions to insure they do not obstruct window or faucet functionality.
  7. Corner radius – Inside and outside corner radius should be specified (typically from 1/8’ to 3” - Hint; smaller is better)
  8. Support – Check for solid support on overhangs greater than 9 inches, bracket or leg installation should be complete.
  9. Overhangs – All overhangs should be reviewed for final dimensions: Front edges - typically 1.0"   -  Side edges - typically 1.0” - Larger overhangs - typically for seating
  10. Layout and seam location - now is a good time to start the discussion on the seams and slab layout (this discussion may need to be concluded at the fabrication shop)

Well there you have it, that should keep you busy, your template should take between 1 and 2 hours and hopefully your new kitchen remodel turns out perfectly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inset cabinet doors.

Inset cabinet doors.

Inset doors have a very distinct look, they are a very traditional cabinet  style and particularly popular with discerning consumers who pay attention to fine detail. Because wood expands and contracts, we allow 3/32"-1/8" gap around each side of the door when mounted in the opening to keep them from binding in the openings. To accomplish this, each door must be hand-tuned to each cabinet.  Inset doors have less "adjustability" than typical cabinet doors so they should always be installed by an expert cabinet installer. Seasonal changes can have an effect on this spacing, particularly within the first year.  For this reason, after some initial adjustments we suggest waiting a full cycle of the seasons in order to allow your cabinets to become fully acclimated to your environment. 

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Characteristics of Wood

Characteristics of Wood

Alder/Knotty Alder is a reddish-brown to pale yellow wood with soft, straight grain, even texture, and a subtle figure. Knotty Alder will have small 1/4" closed knots to large 2" open knots appear sporadically throughout the cabinetry and cabinet components. Knotty Alder plywood will mostly have closed knots of various sizes.

Cherry is an elegant, multi-colored hardwood. Natural or light stains accent these color variations making a distinctive statement in a full kitchen. Cherry wood will darken or "mellow" with age. This mellowing is a natural occurrence and the benefit of owning a solid cherry kitchen.

Hickory is a strong, open grained wood that is known for its wide variation in color. It is not uncommon to see doors, or parts of doors that range in color from deep brown to vanilla when finished in light or natural stains. These characteristics are what make each hickory cabinet unique and a preference of those who love wood.

Maple is a strong, close grained wood that is predominately off-white in color, although it also contains light hues of yellow-brown and pink. Hard maple occasionally contains light tan or small dark streaks.

Oak is a strong, open grained wood that has a range of color of white, yellow and pink. Red oak is sometimes streaked with green, yellow and black mineral deposits and may contain some wide grain. Oak is also available in Knotty which has an emphasis on knots and grain.

Thermofoil (RTF) Laminates in white and variety of new colors and patterns are laminated to high density substrate furniture board and detailed for each style.

 

Caring for those new cabinets

Well you have just completed a kitchen remodel and now you have a beautiful new kitchen with some great new cabinets (they better be great considering what they cost, right?) Now, how do you take care of these beautiful boxes?

Today, most kitchen cabinets have a final finish-coat of conversion varnish. This is a very durable finish that should keep your new cabinets looking good for a very long time (you don’t think I am going to quantify that do you?) with minimal effort. But they are in a kitchen and you will have to keep them clean.

Well. Since you probably won’t read this whole article (not that I blame you) let’s start with the important stuff - what not to do.

CAUTION – I know you don’t like to be told what to do but let’s remember what those cab’s cost alright?...alright?

Do not use cleaners which contain abrasives

Do not use cleaners which contain ammonia or chlorine

Do not bear down when wiping the cabinets

Do not use any wax or coating on the cabinets – yes I know there are all sorts of “experts” out there that will tell otherwise but trust me I don’t want to sell you new cabinets (well I do want to sell you new cabinets but not because you ruined the ones you just bought)

Okay if you are still with me, here is what TO DO

DUST THEM

Use a soft lint-free cloth… easy right?

 

SPILLS

Wipe up spills right away (for my fellow procrastinators that means within the next 60 seconds)

 

CLEAN THEM

Simply wipe surface of cabinet with water and mild soap or detergent then wipe dry, thoroughly dry. Do this regularly so that grease and grime don’t build up.

 

REVIEW

You bought new high-quality, professionally made cabinets (like those from KC Cabinetry).

Take care of them. It does not matter if they are painted, glazed, cherry, walnut, knotty alder, solid wood, veneer, face frame or frameless cabinets:

 

Dust them

Wipe up spills

Clean them with mild solution of soap and water, dry them.

Use a soft clean lint-free cloth.

 Next.

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Bud’s Warehouse

When renovating or remodeling your kitchen, you may wonder what we do with your old cabinets. They are most likely in good condition, and while they may not be the style you like (hence the renovation), it may seem wasteful to just throw them away or recycle them.

At KC Cabinetry, we’re committed to not only helping you design a kitchen remodel as unique as you are, but we also strive to create a community and world that helps others and is sustainable. When we renovate a kitchen, we make sure to carefully remove the kitchen cabinets so there is little to no damage and donate them to Bud’s Warehouse.

Belay Enterprises started in 1995 with the mind-set of helping those in need and giving them the chance to start over again. In their mission statement, they strive to “partner with area churches to develop businesses to employ and job-train individuals rebuilding lives from addiction, homelessness, prison, and/or poverty, to strengthen families and neighborhoods”.They created Bud’s Warehouse, which stands for Building Unity and Dignity through Service, in order to emphasize their mission statement through a not-for-profit job training program. They employ those that are in need: the poor, the addicted, the homeless, and give them the skills through their job training that will help them to continue to succeed in life.

Bud’s Warehouse sells home improvement supplies that are donated to them through business such as ourselves and homeowners. They sell them at bargain prices, and the profits go towards helping those in needs.

As this is a donation, the cabinets and other house building materials such as windows and interior doors that we take out are eligible for tax deduction. You will receive credit for this donation as well as photo documentation.

Want to know more about Bud’s Warehouse and what you can do for those in need? Visit them at http://budswarehouse.org/, or come into KC Cabinetry today and we can let you know how renovating your home can create a better life for all.

www.kccabinetry.com

- Cassandra Cordova, KC Cabinetry intern

Renovation vs. Remodeling: What’s the difference?

In the interior designing world, there is some confusion on the difference between renovating and remodeling a space. Some designers use it interchangeably, causing more confusion to the common person. When a client asks a designer to renovate or redesign their house, different ideas can come up and the clients “dream” home can become something entirely different.

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, to renovate means “to restore to a former better state (as by cleaning, repairing, or rebuilding)” while to remodel means “to alter the structure of”. In simpler terms, if you are going to renovate your bathroom, you are going to update your existing space. This can be done through changing the granite countertops to quartz, retiling the floors, or replacing the old oak cabinets with cherry. If you are going to remodel your kitchen, you are going to basically rip most of the kitchen. Cabinets can be added, the layout of the counters can be changed, sinks can be expanded, and walls can be knocked down.

Remodeling means much more work, time, and money. If your kitchen is a simple one counter 8×8 room closed off from the dining room and you plan on entertaining a lot of people and you want something bigger and more open, remodeling is definitely for you. In may take longer, but in the end you will love your home and use the space more often.
If you like the space of your kitchen or bathroom, a simple renovation can be enough. You can simply change the handles on the cabinets, or retile the floor and update the countertops. This saves a significant amount of time and money and can be extremely simple.

KC Cabinetry can help you renovate or remodel your home and can help you design the changes and choose the products that are right for your home. Then, we can do the work for you in a quick and professional manner. Call or come into our kitchen remodeling showroom in Highlands Ranch, Colorado today for a free consultation.

The pictures below are of a current remodeling project we are doing in Roxborough, as well as past renovations we have done across the Denver metro area.

American Lighting now available at KC Cabinetry

 

KC Cabinetry, a kitchen remodeling showroom, in Littleton CO. now carries American Lighting Products for under-cabinet lighting! American Lighting was founded in 1989 and prides itself in innovative products and high quality customer service. We use their products in any under-cabinet lighting that your home might need.

 

Priori Plus LED

One of the products offered is the Priori Plus LED lighting. This sleek lighting system comes in dark bronze or white and is less than an inch thick. Like all LED lights, this product has a long life (over 50,000 hours), which saves money in the long run. These are also dimmable, which means that you can lower the lights for a romantic evening or make it bright for a fun party.

 

Priori T2 Under cabinet lighting

American Lighting also offers Priori T2. It is also a small lighting system (less than an inch!) and comes in bronze, brushed steel, and white. It produces 30% more light than other products while saving 75% more energy than incandescent lighting. The Priori T2 comes with a 3 year warranty as well.

 

Priori Xenon

The Priori Xenon comes with the same colors and height as the Priori T2, but has some other qualities as well. It has magnetic clips that won’t bend or break like other clips or tabs, and they require no transformer. These dimmable lights can last up to three times longer than halogens, and the tempered glass lenses reflects light evenly.

 

120V Xenon Under Cabinet Lighting

The last under-cabinet lighting system offered by American Lighting is the 120V Xenon. Similar in colors to the Priori Xenon, this lighting system produces a white light that is perfect for workstations. It is dimmable and can offer up to 80,000 hours of light life. It is safe and easy to change the xenon light bulbs with the hinged lens, and sits just over one and a half inches in height.

When you start looking into kitchen remodeling contact one of KC Cabinetry’s kitchen planers they can help you select all of the products you will need for your custom kitchen. www.kccabinetry.com